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Komatsu's Environmental and Social Activities Enhancing Quality of Life


Pursuing Environmental Management  Environmental Action Plan and Results for FY2015 (Procurement and Logistics)

Green procurement

·Promote improvements at suppliers through the establishment of environmental management systems ("EMSs") and by specifying matters that require environmental consideration
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Provide guidance and support to member companies of the Komatsu "Midori-kai" for acquiring integrated certification of their environmental management systems All subject companies acquired certification for a total of 164 certified companies, and are promoting environmental management activities Within three years, have newly admitted Komatsu "Midori-kai" admission company masters attestation of environmental management systems (ISO 14001, Eco-stage, etc.)

Environmental conservation in logistics

·Reduce CO2 emissions per unit of cargo weight generated through shipping of products and components (Komatsu manufacturing facilities in Japan) (in the scope of revised Law concerning the Rational Use of Energy of Japan)
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Improve CO2 emission per cargo weight (kg-CO2/ton) by 27% compared to FY2006 levels
  • ·Reduced the basic unit of CO2 emissions from 26.3 to 21.4 kg-CO2/ton, down 18.6% from its FY2006 level, but it was short of the goal.
  • ·Increased in the ratio of domestic vessel usage for the Tohoku region since FY2011, and also in the ratio of railway usage, one prioritized area of improvement, since FY2014. Given a further 1.5% increase, the goal could have been attained, but the basic unit has increased 9.4% compared to the previous year under the influence of a worsening logistics environment in FY2015, that is, an increased distance per shipment (up 3.8%) and a reduction in the cargo weight per shipment (down 11.2%) due to a narrowing volume of large-size machinery.
Reduce the basic unit of CO2 emissions (kg-CO2/ton) from the shipment of predefined products and parts by 32% compared to its FY2006 level by 2020 as a new mid-term objective for FY2020 (tertiary plan). Apply this plan until a 27% reduction is achieved in the secondary plan, after which switch to the tertiary plan (14 Komatsu logistics facilities in Japan).

·Shift to means of shipping with low environmental impact
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Promote modal shifts in shipping from trucks to domestic vessels or rail
  • ·The total modal shift rate in FY2015 was 29.7% (+13.5% compared to FY2006: +5.8% by railway, +7.7% by domestic vessels)
  • ·By proactively increasing the usage of domestic vessels in place of long-distance trucking to the north-east, which increased due to the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Disaster after FY 2011. A higher rate of railway transport has been pursued as a prioritized area of improvement since FY2013.
  • ·Ratio of modal shift since FY2014: 29.1% ⇒ 29.7% (up 0.6%)
    Ratio of modal shift over transport distances of 500 km or longer: 49.2% ⇒ 49.1% (-0.1%))
Continue to promote modal shifts.
Switch from long-distance trucking to domestic vessel shipment through modal shifts, enhancing the transportation of products manufactured at Tochigi Plant to Shikoku and Kyushu on a priority basis. Expand rail usage for Oyama, Koriyama and Awazu Plant components: engines, hydraulic equipment, transmission, etc.
Shift to battery powered forklifts ·Forklifts used for in-plant logistic purposes have been shifted to hybrid and battery-powered models to lessen their environmental impact. In FY2015, the ratio of the number of hybrid and battery-powered forklifts rose to 51.5%, up 32.1% compared to its FY2006 level, after efforts to drive the installation of new Komatsu battery-powered forklifts in each plant.
(Ratio of the number of battery-powered forklifts: 46.1% in FY2014 ⇒ 51.5% (+5.4%) in FY2015)
Set new mid-term objectives for FY2020.
Replace engine-powered forklifts rated at 3 tons or less with new Komatsu battery-powered forklifts to boost the ratio of the number of battery-powered forklifts to 75% or above in a continuing bid to cut environmental burdens. Aim to migrate all of forklifts rated at 3 tons or less to battery-powered models.

·Measures for protecting biodiversity and reduction in wood used in packaging containers (Avoid excessive logging of trees and the risks of immigration and emigration of nonnative species in wood)
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Reduction in the usage of wooden/cardboard packaging containers
Reduce the basic unit of usage per cargo weight (kg-CO2/ton) by 10% compared to FY2010
·Efforts continued into FY2015 to cut packaging material requirements, mainly wooden materials, with a view to protect biodiversity.
Amount of wood/cardboard used inFY2015: 4,692 tons
Achieved a reduction by 24.8% compared to FY2010
Set new mid-term objectives for FY2020.
Improve the basic unit by 20% or more compared to FY2010.
Continue cutting the basic unit of usage of wooden/cardboard packaging per cargo weight.

·Strive to eliminate the procurement of new wrapping materials through promotion of returnable packaging containers.
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Promote the returnability of packaging containers
  • ・Expanding scope of returnable general-purpose wooden packaging container usage, which had been pursued on a priority basis, has helped cut wooden packaging requirements.
    The ratios of prioritized improvement parts returnability have improved compared to their FY2010 levels as follows:
    -Ratio of packaging case returnability for spares: 6.0% ⇒ 52.1% (+46.1%)
    -Ratio of general-purpose packaging case returnability for CKD parts: 33.1% ⇒ 54.9% (+21.8%)
Proceed with further improvement efforts to achieve "zero" procurement of new packaging materials as a prioritized area of improvement.
Continue improvement in the returnability ratio of containers designated for CKD parts.
Further improve the returnable rate of general-purpose containers for CKD/spare parts.
Pursue returnability of item-packaging inner cases for spares as well.

·Drive better transport efficiency
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Increase the size of shipped units to large lots
  • ·Ratio of CKD plant vanning: 99.4% ⇒ 99.8% (+0.4%).
  • ·Ratio of spares plant vanning: 99.3% ⇒ 99.2% (-0.1%).
Prioritized improvement activities come to completion as upsized transportation units resulting from an expanding scope of containerized transportation have reached a predefined management maintenance and management level.

·Cut transportation distances
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
Continue improving to reduce the distance per shipment by utilizing nearby ports
  • ·Exportation of construction machinery manufactured at Awazu Plant
    Kanazawa Port utilization for exportation of construction machinery manufactured at Awazu Plant for FY2015: 44.6% (up 30.1% compared to the 2006 level, attaining 50% of the mid-term goal)
  • ·Exportation of presses manufactured at Kanazawa Plant
    Kanazawa Port utilization for exportation of presses manufactured at Kanazawa Plant for FY2015: 59% (quantity basis), 91.4% (weight basis). Kanazawa port utilization for FY2015 rose 15% compared to the previous year level after modifications to medium-sized presses, advancing to 83%.
  • ·Exportation of construction machinery manufactured at Ibaraki Plant
    Hitachinaka Port utilization for FY2015 was 97.0% against the mid-term goal of 95%, attaining and keeping up the mid-term plan.
Continue reducing transportation distance by utilizing near-by ports.
A target usage rate has been achieved for Hitachinaka Port. It will be maintained and managed at 95% at least from now on.
Target usage rate (products) for Kanazawa Port: Set a new mid-term objective of 57% for FY2020 in pursuit of higher usage.

From 2011
·Implement environmental conservation activities in global logistics (both national and international)
·Improve CO2 emission per cargo weight of shipping products and parts. (10 major overseas plants)
Objectives for FY2015 Results for FY2015 Medium- and long-term objectives
The basic unit of CO2 emissions per cargo weight (kg-CO2/ton) has improved 8% compared to its FY2011 level.
  • ·Implementation of monthly tracking of data for CO2 produced by shipment in 10 major plants in the Americas (2 in US, 1 in Brazil), EU (1 in UK, 1 in Germany) China (3), and Asia (1 in Indonesia, 1 in Thailand).
  • ·FY2015 status of the basic unit of CO2 emissions per cargo weight
    Up 2.6% compared to the FY2011 level, short of the goal (worsened) and up +2.5% compared to the previous year level. The basic unit of CO2 emissions has worsened worsened from 56.5 to 57.9 (kg-CO2/ton) after increases in trucking distance caused by shipment destination changes (trucking distance per transaction up 6.4%, from 640 to 680 (km/transaction)).
Committed to the 2020 mid-term goal of improving the basic unit of CO2 emissions per cargo weight in the logistics of products and parts by 13% (10 major overseas Komatsu Group Plants).